Tooth decay: How to Access Risks and Seek Medical Help

Tooth decay is one of the most common dental Care problems around the world. It is also one of the most common causes of tooth infection and cavity. When it comes to keeping your dental health in check, it is important that you monitor your teeth health on a regular basis.

Tooth decay normally occurs after a significant accumulation of bacteria in the mouth, usually on or around the enamel. These bacteria release acids that damage the tooth structure and cause tooth decay.

In order to understand tooth decay, you need to understand the tooth structure so you can easily access the risks and get timely care.

The Tooth Structure

A tooth consists of three layers:

  • The enamel which is the outer layer
  • The dentin which is the middle layer
  • The pulp which is the underlying layer and includes blood vessels and nerves

Tooth decay starts off at the outer layer, the enamel, and over time it destroys the inner layers causing infection and toothache. The worse the tooth decay, the more layers will be damaged. And, similarly, you will require advanced treatment like a root canal or, in some cases, tooth removal.

If you can catch tooth decay at an early stage i.e. when it is still on the first layer, you can avoid infection and tooth pain that may require advanced treatment.

How does Tooth Decay Occur?

Now let’s get to the main problem: what causes tooth decay. You can easily avoid if you understand the factors that are responsible for it. After all, prevention is always better than cure.

The main cause of tooth decay is always the bacteria that results from food particles that are concealed corners of your mouth. As the bacterium grows it releases acids that damage the structure or the layers of the tooth.

There are a couple of things that you may be doing one or regular basis to allow the bacteria to grow. These things can include:

  • Not brushing your teeth properly on a daily basis.
  • Not flossing your teeth regularly to remove the food particles stuck between the teeth.
  • Not getting enough dental checkups.
  • Not getting professional teeth cleaning at least once a year.
  • Having a dry mouth that does not produce enough saliva. Saliva washes away the food particles that can accumulate and cause bacteria over time.
  • Having a health condition, such as diabetes.
  • Regular smoking.

Tooth decay is a silent enamel killer which means that it may occur and you wouldn’t know until it has reached the third layer. By that time, you will experience a severe toothache or possibly an infection which would require clearing of the pulp (a process known as the tooth canal treatment).

Final thoughts: You can easily beat tooth decay by accessing the symptoms and getting immediate help. Your dentist is your best friend when it comes to keeping tooth decay at bay. Visit your dentist at least once a year and get a thorough examination. If tooth decay has started to occur, your dentist will know!